The article presents the unique part of S. Ponomarev’s work. It was written in 1854 and is dedicated to the study of Russian journalism. It’s S. Ponomarev’s PhD thesis, which is little-known. During the Ponomarev’s life, the work wasn’t published. But it’s known that it was completed in 1853, when S. Ponomarev was in Moscow. The author didn’t mention it his own bibliography. The value of the research is the material in which S. Ponomarev evaluates the journalistic work of writers. In this regard, the underestimated V. Zhukovsky’s works have the highest interest. Research material of S. Ponomarev has made a great contribution to the history of Russian literature.