Ludzie rodowici i migranci – czy słuszny podział? Wokół książki Jeremy Hayhoe, Strangers and Neighbours. Rural Migration in Eighteenth-Century Northern Burgundy, Toronto: University of Toronto Press 2016, ss. 274

Przeszłość Demograficzna Polski. 2018;40 DOI 10.18276/pdp.2018.40-13

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Przeszłość Demograficzna Polski

ISSN: 0079-7189 (Print)

Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

Society/Institution: University of Szczecin

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Poland | Social Sciences: Economic theory. Demography: Demography. Population. Vital events

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: Polish, English, German

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Mateusz Wyżga

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 20 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

My paper reviews a book on internal migrations and the micromobility of peasants in 18th-century northern Burgundy. Its author set out to demonstrate the significance of geographical mobility and its widespread occurrence, mostly through the statistical analysis of mass sources. The work is an example of the use of mixed methods and diverse sources. Jeremy Hayhoe primarily based his research on the depositions of witnesses in court trials (previously largely unused), the Napoleonic Census (1808–1813), tax registers, and marriage records. Based on these sources, a database of 70,000 records was compiled. The research covered marital exogamy, ratios of local to incoming populations, distances covered, and annual migration rates. The book discusses migrations in terms of their duration, pull and push factors, human motivations, and the ways in which local communities tried to regulate the inflows of people. The research indicates that a majority of the population of rural areas in eighteenth-century northern Burgundy experienced migration in their individual lives. This was usually motivated by economic reasons and undertaken over short distances. While movements of a temporary nature were predominant, they played an important role in the functioning of local communities.