IEEE Access (Jan 2022)
Adaptive Integral Correction-Based State of Charge Estimation Strategy for Lithium-Ion Cells
Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery systems are critical elements of future energy systems and electric vehicles. Accurate prediction of the state of charge (SoC) is necessary for the safe and reliable functioning of Li-ion battery systems. Achieving a precise SOC estimate is challenging due to the nonlinear characteristics and variations of model parameters caused over the cell lifetime. This paper introduces an adaptive estimation strategy that can compensate for the effect of cell degradation for achieving high accuracy SoC estimation. The proposed method uses an integral correction-based SoC estimation loop utilizing a Li-ion cell model. The effect of model parameter variation is corrected by introducing two additional correction factors, the cell model resistance, and capacity correction factor. These correction factors are employed to update the Li-ion cell model, resulting in an adaptive integral correction-based SoC estimation technique that can compensate for the influence of cyclic degradation-induced parameter change. The proposed method is validated through extensive simulations in the Matlab-Simulink environment, and its output is compared to the existing unscented Kalman filter-based SoC estimation method. The proposed estimation strategy can adapt to the cell circumstances and correct for model uncertainties. The results indicate that the proposed adaptive SoC estimation strategy provides more precise and accurate SoC estimates for the entire lifespan of the Li-ion cell.