Prevalence and factors associated with preoperative anxiety in children aged 5-12 years

Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem. 2016;24(0) DOI 10.1590/1518-8345.0723.2708


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Journal Title: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

ISSN: 0104-1169 (Print); 1518-8345 (Online)

Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Nursing

Country of publisher: Brazil

Language of fulltext: Spanish, English, Portuguese

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML



Louise Amália de Moura
Iohanna Maria Guimarães Dias
Lilian Varanda Pereira


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 11 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Objective: to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with preoperative anxiety in children who wait for outpatient surgery. Method: cross-sectional analysis of baseline data of a prospective cohort study that investigates the predictors of postoperative pain in children aged 5-12 years submitted to inguinal and umbilical hernia repair. It was selected 210 children, which were interviewed in the preoperative holding area of a general hospital. Anxiety was evaluated using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale (mYPAS). Sociodemographic and clinical variables were analyzed as exposure and anxiety (mYPAS final score>30) as outcome. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with preoperative anxiety. Results: forty-two percent (42.0%) of children presented preoperative anxiety (CI95%: 35.7%-48.6%), with mean scores equal to 30.1 (SD=8.4). Factors associated with preoperative anxiety were: age group of 5-6 years (OR=2.28; p=0.007) and socioeconomic status classified as class C (OR=2.39; p=0.016). Conclusion: the evaluation of children who wait for outpatient surgery should be multidimensional and comprise information on age and socioeconomic status, in order to help in the identification and early treatment of preoperative anxiety.