Benchmarking of Percutaneous Injuries at the Ministry of Health Hospitals of Saudi Arabia in Comparison with the United States Hospitals Participating in Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet™)

The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2015;6(1):26-33 DOI 10.15171/ijoem.2015.467

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

ISSN: 2008-6520 (Print); 2008-6814 (Online)

Publisher: National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) Health Organization

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Industrial medicine. Industrial hygiene

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB

 

AUTHORS

ZA Memish (Deputy Minister for Public Health, Director WHO Collaborating Center for Mass Gathering Medicine, Ministry of Health, and Professor, College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
AM Assiri (Department of Adult Infectious Diseases, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
MM Eldalatony (Industrial Medicine and Occupational Health, Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Menoufiya University, Egypt)
HM Hathout (Community Medicine and Environmental Health, Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Menoufiya University, Egypt)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 18 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Background: Exposure to blood-borne pathogens from needle-stick and sharp injuries continues to pose a significant risk to health care workers. These events are of concern because of the risk to transmit blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and the human immunodeficiency virus. Objective: To benchmark different risk factors associated with needle-stick incidents among health care workers in the Ministry of Health hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia compared to the US hospitals participating in Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet ™). Methods: Prospective surveillance of needle-stick and sharp incidents carried out during the year 2012 using EPINet™ ver 1.5 that provides uniform needle stick and sharp injury report form. Results: The annual percutaneous incidents (PIs) rate per 100 occupied beds was 3.2 at the studied MOH hospitals. Nurses were the most affected job category by PIs (59.4%). Most PIs happened in patients' wards in the Ministry of Health hospitals (34.6%). Disposable syringes were the most common cause of PIs (47.20%). Most PIs occurred during use of the syringes (36.4%). Conclusion: Among health care workers, nurses and physicians appear especially at risk of exposure to PIs. Important risk factors of injuries include working in patient room, using disposable syringes, devices without safety features. Preventive strategies such as continuous training of health care workers with special emphasis on nurses and physicians, encouragement of reporting of such incidents, observation of sharp handling, their use and implementation of safety devices are warranted.