Fragmented QRS and subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in individuals with preserved ejection fraction: A speckle‐tracking echocardiographic study

Journal of Arrhythmia. 2020;36(2):335-340 DOI 10.1002/joa3.12284

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Arrhythmia

ISSN: 1880-4276 (Print); 1883-2148 (Online)

Publisher: Wiley

Society/Institution: Japanese Heart Rhythm Society

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system

Country of publisher: Australia

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS


Mohammad Reza Dehghani (Department of Cardiology Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia Iran)

Alireza Rostamzadeh (Department of Cardiology Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia Iran)

Ali Abbasnezhad (Department of Cardiology Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia Iran)

Akram Shariati (Department of Cardiology Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia Iran)

Saeid Nejatisafa (Department of Cardiology Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia Iran)

Yousef Rezaei (Heart Valve Disease Research Center Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center Iran University of Medical Sciences Tehran Iran)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 45 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Introduction Fragmented QRS (fQRS) complex on routine 12‐lead electrocardiogram (ECG) predicts adverse outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. In addition, it has been found to be associated with subclinical myocardial dysfunction in chronic diseases. We sought to investigate the relationship between the presence of fQRS with the myocardial functions in individuals free from known systemic cardiovascular diseases. Methods In a case‐control study, we evaluated normal individuals from March 2017 to February 2018. All participants underwent a 2‐dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic examination using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and speckle‐tracking echocardiography. In addition, all participants were examined using a 12‐lead surface ECG, and patients with fQRS and a group of age‐ and sex‐matched controls without fQRS were enrolled in our study. Results The patients' mean age was 40.3 ± 10.7 and 35.4 ± 11.2 years in fQRS‐positive and fQRS‐negative groups, respectively (P = .110). Patients with fQRS had significantly lower values of apical left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV GLS) in 2‐chamber (16.9 ± 2.5 vs. 20.5 ± 3.3, P < .001), 4‐chamber (16.9 ± 3.4 vs. 20.1 ± 3, P = .001), LAX views (17.7 ± 2.8 vs. 20.8 ± 3.5, P = .001), and averaged LV GLS (17 ± 2.6 vs. 20.4 ± 2.7, P < .001) values compared to patients without fQRS. In a multivariate analysis, averaged LV GLS and smoking history were independent predictors for positive fQRS. Conclusion The presence of fQRS on 12‐lead ECG in healthy population was associated with lower values of LV GLS compared to normal individuals without fQRS.