A cross-sectional study exploring the relationship between age, gender, and physical measures with adequacy in and predilection for physical activity

BMC Public Health. 2018;18(S2):1-8 DOI 10.1186/s12889-018-5893-8

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: BMC Public Health

ISSN: 1471-2458 (Online)

Publisher: BMC

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Public aspects of medicine

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS

Dany J. MacDonald (Department of Applied Human Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island)
Travis J. Saunders (Department of Applied Human Sciences, University of Prince Edward Island)
Patricia E. Longmuir (Healthy Active Living and Obesity (HALO) Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute)
Joel D. Barnes (Healthy Active Living and Obesity (HALO) Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute)
Kevin Belanger (Healthy Active Living and Obesity (HALO) Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute)
Brenda Bruner (School of Physical and Health Education, Nipissing University)
Jennifer L. Copeland (Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Lethbridge)
Melanie J. Gregg (Department of Kinesiology and Applied Health, University of Winnipeg)
Nathan Hall (Department of Kinesiology and Applied Health, University of Winnipeg)
Angela M. Kolen (Department of Human Kinetics, St. Francis Xavier University)
Barbi Law (School of Physical and Health Education, Nipissing University)
Luc J. Martin (School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen’s University)
Dwayne Sheehan (Faculty of Health, Community and Education, Mount Royal University)
Sarah J. Woodruff (Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor)
Mark S. Tremblay (Healthy Active Living and Obesity (HALO) Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Open peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 18 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Abstract Background Physical literacy is a complex construct influenced by a range of physical, behavioural, affective, and cognitive factors. Researchers are interested in relationships among these constituent factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate how age, gender, and physical competence components of physical literacy relate to a child’s adequacy in and predilection for physical activity. Methods A sample of 8530 Canadian youth (50% girl) aged 8.0 to 12.9 years participated in the study. Participants completed the Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL) protocol, which assesses physical literacy in four domains: Physical Competence, Daily Behaviour, Motivation and Confidence, and Knowledge and Understanding. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship between physical competence components of physical literacy (Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run [PACER], Canadian Agility and Movement Skill Assessment [CAMSA], sit and reach, handgrip, plank, and body mass index) and children’s perceived adequacy and predilection toward physical activity as measured by subscales from the Children’s Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity scale (CSAPPA). Results The variable most strongly associated with adequacy and predilection was the PACER shuttle run score. The PACER accounted for 10.9% of the variance in adequacy and 9.9% of the variance in predilection. Participants’ age was inversely related to adequacy (β = − 0.374) and predilection (β = − 0.621). The combination of other variables related to adequacy brought the total variance explained to 14.7%, while the model for predilection explained a total of 13.7%. Conclusions Results indicate an association between cardiorespiratory fitness and measures of physical activity adequacy and predilection. These findings suggest that practitioners should consider the physiological and psychological makeup of the child, and ways to enhance adequacy and predilection among children with limited cardiorespiratory fitness, in order to create the best possible environment for all children to participate in physical activity.