Physiological Reports (2020-08-01)

Circulating microparticle concentrations across acute and chronic cardiovascular disease conditions

  • Rian Q. Landers‐Ramos,
  • Odessa A. Addison,
  • Brock Beamer,
  • Leslie I. Katzel,
  • Jacob B. Blumenthal,
  • Shawn Robinson,
  • James M. Hagberg,
  • Steven J. Prior

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8, no. 15
pp. n/a – n/a


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Abstract Concentrations of different circulating microparticles (MPs) may have clinical and physiological relevance to cardiovascular disease pathologies. Purpose To quantify plasma concentrations of CD31+/CD42b−, CD62E+, and CD34+ MPs across healthy individuals and those with coronary artery disease (CAD) or acute cardiovascular events (non‐ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)). Fasted blood was obtained from CAD patients (n = 10), NSTEMI patients (n = 13), and healthy older men (n = 15) 60–75 years old. Methods CD31+/CD42b−, CD62E+, and CD34+ MPs were isolated from plasma and quantified using flow cytometry. Relationships between MP subtypes, fasting blood lipids, blood glucose, blood pressure, body mass index, and total number of medications were assessed. Results Concentrations of CD31+/CD42b− MPs were significantly lower in CAD and NSTEMI subjects compared with healthy individuals (p = .02 and .003, respectively). No differences between groups were found for CD62E+ or CD34+ MPs (p > .05 for both). Surprisingly, among all variables assessed, only CD62E+ MP concentrations were positively correlated with triglyceride levels (p = .012) and inversely correlated with SBP (p = .03). Conclusions Our findings provide support for the use of different MP subtypes, specifically CD31+/CD42b− MPs, as a potential biomarker of cardiovascular disease. Importantly, results from this study should be looked at in adjunct to previous MP work in CVD conditions as a way of highlighting the complex interactions of variables such as comorbid conditions and medications on MP concentrations.