Przeszłość Demograficzna Polski (Jan 2015)

Zawieranie małżeństw na przedmieściach Szczecina w świetle akt stanu cywilnego z obwodu USC Gumieńce w latach 1875–1906. Część I. Roczne liczby małżeństw i sezonowość małżeństw

  • Łukasz Kozłowski

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 37


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In the last quarter of the 19th century in Western Pomerania some demographic and socio-economic processes took place at the same time: stabilisation of death rate and a decrease in reproduction, an agricultural crisis and a migration fever. After pulling down the city walls Szczecin (German: Stettin) started spreading in all directions. The main objective of the research has been to grasp the process of demographic changes, which were parallel to the socio-economic development of the Szczecin suburbs, as wellas to present the effects of the accelerated urbanisation and industrialisation of Pomorzany (German: Pommerensdorf), one of the Szczecin suburbs, in comparison to neighbouring settlements, where such changes occurred not so fast or even did not happen at all. For that reason on the basis of the Register Office’s certificates a list was made, which included 1357 matrimonies contracted in the years 1875–1906 within the jurisdiction of the Gumieńce Register Office (German: Standesamtbezirk Scheune). The aggregate method has been used to determine the annual numbers of matrimonies, seasonality of matrimonies and an average age of newly-weds. The research indicates that in the years 1875–1906, parallel to an increase of the inhabitants, in Pomorzany the number of contracted matrimonies and the matrimonial rate were increasing regularly, where as the annual seasonality rate was decreasing. In more remote settlements, in Gumieńce, Mierzyn (Möhringen) and Stobno (Stöven) agriculture was dominant, the number of matrimonies did not change significantly, and the annual seasonality rate had big fluctuations from month to month.