Biodiversity Data Journal (2020-12-01)

A list of land plants of Parque Nacional do Caparaó, Brazil, highlights the presence of sampling gaps within this protected area

  • Marina Moreira,
  • Tatiana Carrijo,
  • Anderson Alves-Araújo,
  • Alessandro Rapini,
  • Alexandre Salino,
  • Aline Firmino,
  • Aline Chagas,
  • Ana Versiane,
  • André Amorim,
  • Andrews da Silva,
  • Amélia Tuler,
  • Ariane Peixoto,
  • Bethina Soares,
  • Braz Cosenza,
  • Camila Delgado,
  • Claudia Lopes,
  • Christian Silva,
  • Daniel Barbosa,
  • Daniele Monteiro,
  • Danilo Marques,
  • Dayvid Couto,
  • Diego Gonzaga,
  • Eduardo Dalcin,
  • Elton John de Lirio,
  • Fabrício Meyer,
  • Fátima Salimena,
  • Felipe Oliveira,
  • Filipe Souza,
  • Fernando Matos,
  • Gabriel Depiantti,
  • Guilherme Antar,
  • Gustavo Heiden,
  • Henrique Dias,
  • Hian Sousa,
  • Isabel Lopes,
  • Isis Rollim,
  • Jaquelini Luber,
  • Jefferson Prado,
  • Jimi Nakajima,
  • João Lanna,
  • João Paulo Zorzanelli,
  • Joelcio Freitas,
  • José Baumgratz,
  • Jovani Pereira,
  • Juliana Oliveira,
  • Kelly Antunes,
  • Lana Sylvestre,
  • Leandro Pederneiras,
  • Leandro Freitas,
  • Leandro Giacomin,
  • Leonardo Meireles,
  • Leonardo Silva,
  • Luciana Pereira,
  • Luís Alexandre Silva,
  • Luiz Menini Neto,
  • Marcelo Monge,
  • Marcelo Trovó,
  • Marcelo Reginato,
  • Marcos Sobral,
  • Mario Gomes,
  • Mário Garbin,
  • Marli Morim,
  • Nayara Soares,
  • Paulo Labiak,
  • Pedro Viana,
  • Pedro Cardoso,
  • Pedro Moraes,
  • Pedro Schwartsburd,
  • Quélita Moraes,
  • Raquel Zorzanelli,
  • Renara Nichio-Amaral,
  • Renato Goldenberg,
  • Samyra Furtado,
  • Thamara Feletti,
  • Valquíria Dutra,
  • Vinícius Bueno,
  • Vinícius Dittrich,
  • Rafaela Forzza

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e59664
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8
pp. 1 – 26

Abstract

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Brazilian protected areas are essential for the conservation of plants of the Atlantic Forest domain, one of 36 global biodiversity hotspots. A major challenge for improving conservation actions is to know the richness of plants protected by these areas. Online databases offer an accessible way to build plant species lists and to provide relevant information about biodiversity. A list of land plants of “Parque Nacional do Caparaó” (PNC) was previously built using online databases and published on the website "Catálogo de Plantas das Unidades de Conservação do Brasil." Here, we provide and discuss additional information about plant species richness, endemism, and conservation in the PNC that could not be included in the list. We documented 1,791 species of land plants as occurring in PNC, of which 63 are cited as threatened (CR, EN, or VU) by the Brazilian National Red List, seven as data deficient (DD), and five as priorities for conservation."Parque Nacional do Caparaó" houses 8% of the land plant species endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, including 6% of its angiosperms, 31% of its lycophytes and ferns, and 14% of its avascular plants. Twelve percent of the threatened species listed for the state of Espírito Santo and 7% listed for the state of Minas Gerais are also protected by PNC. Surprisingly, 79% of the collections analyzed here were carried out in Minas Gerais, which represents just 21% of the total extension of the park. The compiled data uncover a huge botanical collection gap in this federally protected area.

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