Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine (Jan 2017)

The Importance of Directly Derived Information in the Basketball Jump Shot. A Comparison of Changed Visual Conditions from Different Shooting Spots

  • Alexander Pohl,
  • Markus Böker,
  • Linda Hennig,
  • Thomas Heinen

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 18


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The basketball jump shot as a movement, allowing visual feedback based corrections, can be considered as a generalized or a specialized motor skill. The purpose of this study is to look into the connection between visual perception and the specialization of a motor skill. Therefore, six male basketball players were asked to perform jump shots under different viewing conditions from their favourite spot (sweet spot) and a second, middle-distance spot. The question was, if performance is affected by the changed visual conditions and whether the shooting spot plays a role in a potentially change in performance. The different visual conditions were first, a regular basketball hoop with no adjustment, second a regular basketball hoop with a covered backboard, and third a regular basketball hoop with a covered rim. Between the different visual conditions, performance did not differ significantly, neither from the sweet spot, nor from the neutral defined spot. However, players showed a significantly better performance from sweet spot than from the neutral spot under regular viewing conditions.