Multi-level Governance in Environmental Risk Management

Oñati Socio-Legal Series. 2013;3(2):312-325

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Oñati Socio-Legal Series

ISSN: 2079-5971 (Online)

Publisher: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law

Society/Institution: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law

LCC Subject Category: Law: Law in general. Comparative and uniform law. Jurisprudence: Private international law. Conflict of laws: Social legislation

Country of publisher: Spain

Language of fulltext: Portuguese, Spanish; Castilian, English, French, Basque

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Petra Hiller (Nordhausen University of Applied Sciences)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>The article examines regulatory strategies in the field of ecological disaster management with reference to the sociology of risk. The risk perspective draws attention to the fact that political strategies of regulation are to be understood as processes of risk transformation. The behavior of regulatory agencies is related to their perception of risks and opportunities. From this point of view, efforts in the field of disaster management appear as processes that turn perceived environmental threats into risks and opportunities for the agencies involved. The article shows the course of such a governance process which transforms environmental disasters into organizational risks and opportunities. This leads to the following research question: Which types of organizations favor strategies of risk avoidance and which organizations rather allow active pursuit of opportunities? The empirical part of this study is based on data obtained by field research in a multi-level negotiation system set up for managing hazardous wastes. Empirical findings support the assumption that organizational stability is a central condition for active pursuit of opportunities whereas organizational instability supports an orientation towards the avoidance of organizational risk.</p> <hr /><p>El art&iacute;culo examina las estrategias reguladoras en el &aacute;mbito de la gesti&oacute;n de los desastres ecol&oacute;gicos, haciendo referencia a la sociolog&iacute;a del riesgo. La perspectiva de riesgo pone su atenci&oacute;n sobre el hecho de que las estrategias pol&iacute;ticas de regulaci&oacute;n se deben entender como procesos de transformaci&oacute;n de riesgos. El comportamiento de las agencias reguladoras se relaciona con su percepci&oacute;n de los riesgos y oportunidades. Desde este punto de vista, los esfuerzos en el campo de la gesti&oacute;n de cat&aacute;strofes se convierten en procesos que transforman las amenazas medioambientales (percibidas) en riesgos y oportunidades para las agencias involucradas. El art&iacute;culo muestra el desarrollo de este tipo de gobierno que convierte los desastres medioambientales en riesgos y oportunidades organizativas. Esto lleva a la siguiente pregunta de investigaci&oacute;n: &iquest;Qu&eacute; tipo de organizaciones favorecen las estrategias de prevenci&oacute;n de riesgos y qu&eacute; organizaciones permiten la b&uacute;squeda activa de oportunidades? La parte emp&iacute;rica de este estudio se basa en datos obtenidos en estudios de campo en un sistema de negociaci&oacute;n multi-nivel, creado para gestionar residuos peligrosos. Los resultados emp&iacute;ricos apoyan la hip&oacute;tesis de que la estabilidad de las organizaciones es una condici&oacute;n b&aacute;sica para la b&uacute;squeda activa de oportunidades mientras que la inestabilidad organizacional favorece una orientaci&oacute;n hacia la prevenci&oacute;n de riesgos en las organizaciones.