As objective of this research studying of features of the choice of career by the working and jobless young people performed with different expressiveness at them this or that type of a personal maturity or immaturity. 165 respondents, jobless graduates of schools and the working university graduates participated in a research. During the research the diagnostic method and a method of poll were applied (questioning), statistical methods (factorial, regression and correlation analyses, criteria: binomial, Vilkokson, Mann-Whitney). By results of a research types of a personal maturity and immaturity at the working and jobless young people were revealed. Features of procedural characteristics of the choice of career at the working and jobless young people with different expressiveness at them this or that type of a personal maturity or personal immaturity are described. Jobless young people with a type of personal immaturity "immaturity as the expressed reflexivity" and the working young people with a personal maturity "a social and emotional maturity" carry out the choice of career mainly surely, dependently and unconsciously. The working young people with personal immaturity "immaturity as emphasis of values of individualization" make choice of profession consciously, uncertainly and dependently.