Faslnāmah-i Pizhūhish/Nāmah-i Iqtisādī (Nov 2018)

A Reflection on the Origin of Bitcoin Value from the Viewpoint of Allameh Tabataba'i (RA)

  • Hasan Sobhani,
  • aliasghar ghaeminia

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 18, no. 70
pp. 245 – 263


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Money is one of the powerful institutions that humankind created and developed and nowadays it affects all of aspects of social human life. Money essentially is production of human socialization and we should think of it as a social reality that although has a special and independent role for each individual, but it has overall acceptance in the society. Bitcoin is a decentralized electronic fiat currency implemented using cryptography and peer-to-peer technology. Because of increasing development of bitcoin and also other similar currencies, our monetary policy-makers should take proper position about it. In this study we make an analysis about value of bitcoin in context of Etebariat theory developed by Allameh Tabataba’i and argue that value of bitcoin is consistent with this context. Our study about monetary and banking schools like metalism, chartalism, money in circle and banking shows that because of peer-to-peer system of Bitcoin, although Bitcoin is inconsistent with all of the abovementioned theories, but it is consist with Etebariat theory because of no need to third party. So Bitcoin is a counter-example to classical theory of money and it verify Etebariat theory.