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Telaah Komparatif Metode Kritik Ḥadīth Sunnī ala Muḥammad al-Ghazālī dan Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī ala Shī‘ah

Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora. 2017;3(2):265-293

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Islamika Inside: Jurnal Keislaman dan Humaniora

ISSN: 2476-9541 (Print); 2580-8885 (Online)

Publisher: Fakultas Ushuluddin, Adab dan Humaniora Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Jember

Society/Institution: IAIN Jember

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Islam. Bahai Faith. Theosophy, etc.: Islam

Country of publisher: Indonesia

Language of fulltext: Indonesian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Busairi Busairi (Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 30 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

This article analyzes the method of criticizing the ḥadīth offered by Muḥammad al-Ghazālī from Sunnī school and Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad b. Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī from Shi‘ite school. The focus of the problem in this study is the difference in the qualifications of hadiths between Sunnī and Shi‘ite schools which are the two largest Islamic schools which always have a theological and political contradiction between the two. From these two figures, it can be concluded that there is an equal method of criticism, which is located in the narrator must be ḍābit and thiqqah. Besides that there are also differences between al-Ghazālī that does not require the connection of narrators and emphasizes more on critical criticism. Whereas al-Kulaynī requires his sanad to be continued, where he equalizes the infallible priest with the Prophet. The criterion is more to the criticism of sanad. The same criteria in the criticism method can facilitate tracking of authentic ḥadīth. Likewise with the different methods of criticism, many traditions are considered valid by the Sunnis but da‘īf according to the Shi‘a and vice versa.