Alexandria Engineering Journal (Aug 2021)

Numerical and experimental investigation of fuel consumption and CO2 emission performance for a parallel hybrid vehicle

  • Özgün Balcı,
  • Yasin Karagöz,
  • Onur Gezer,
  • Sefa Kale,
  • Hasan Köten,
  • Saban Pusat,
  • Levent Yüksek

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 60, no. 4
pp. 3649 – 3667


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In this study, fuel consumption map was created by obtaining a large number of data from gasoline engine passenger car through high-speed data acquisition with ISO-15765–4-CAN Protocol. Subsequently, CO2 map was also generated theoretically. To obtain precise results, ANN was used while creating the maps. Later, conventional vehicle model was created with Matlab/Simulink. Afterwards, hybrid vehicle model was developed by implementing electrical system in compliance with single-shaft pre-transmission parallel configuration with one electric motor. Hybrid powertrain control algorithm was created by considering efficiencies of mechanical and electrical power sources and sinks. Charge-neutral simulations were run with conventional and hybrid models over WLTC and a local route which is created by collected in-city speed data. The hybrid and conventional vehicles were enabled to be compared with the developed method. Detailed comparison of ICE operations both between two vehicle models and two cycles was presented. Moreover, obtained results, including overall electrical system efficiencies, were compared over WLTC and the local route. Significant improvements both in consumption and CO2 values were concluded. It is also concluded that using the hybrid system in local route with higher proportion of in-city driving conditions caused higher improvements despite a slight decrease in overall electrical system efficiency.