Lung India (2021-01-01)

Co-existing obstructive sleep apnea among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • Loganathan Nattusami,
  • Vijay Hadda,
  • Gopi C Khilnani,
  • Karan Madan,
  • Saurabh Mittal,
  • Pawan Tiwari,
  • Anant Mohan,
  • Maroof Ahmad Khan,
  • Randeep Guleria

DOI
https://doi.org/10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_169_20
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 38, no. 1
pp. 12 – 17

Abstract

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Background and Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common airway disease that is frequently associated with comorbidities. In this study, we assessed the co-existence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among patients with stable COPD. Methodology: This cross-sectional study included patients with stable COPD who were screened with Epworth's Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Those with ESS score of >10 were subjected to in-lab polysomnography (PSG). PSG was manually analyzed and reported. Patients with apnea–hypopnea index of >5/h were diagnosed as OSA. Results: This study included 301 patients (78.1% male, 76.4% smokers, age 59.6 ± 10 years) with stable COPD. ESS score of >10 was observed in 47 (15.6%) patients. Among patients with ESS score of >10, OSA was observed in 34 (72.3%) patients. The overall prevalence of OSA among patients with COPD was 10.9%. Patients with co-existing OSA were older and had thicker neck and higher body mass index (BMI) as compared to COPD alone. In addition, patients with associated OSA had worse health-related quality of life (QOL) as shown by higher St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire score (42.42 ± 7.22 vs. 25.22 ± 8.66;P < 0.001). Conclusions: Co-existing OSA is common among patients with COPD and has a significant adverse effect on the QOL. Among COPD patients, older age, thick neck, and high BMI may predict co-existing OSA and require PSG for the confirmation.

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