Lettuce Leaves as Biosorbent Material to Remove Heavy Metal Ions from Industerial Wastewater

Baghdad Science Journal. 2014;11(3) DOI 10.21123/bsj.11.3.1164-1170


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Baghdad Science Journal

ISSN: 2078-8665 (Print); 2411-7986 (Online)

Publisher: College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad

LCC Subject Category: Science

Country of publisher: Iraq

Language of fulltext: Arabic, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Baghdad Science Journal


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 24 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The current study was designed to remove Lead, Copper and Zinc from industrial wastewater using Lettuce leaves (Lactuca sativa) within three forms (fresh, dried and powdered) under some environmental factors such as pH, temperature and contact time. Current data show that Lettuce leaves are capable of removing Lead, Copper and Zinc ions at significant capacity. Furthermore, the powder of Lettuce leaves had highest capability in removing all metal ions. The highest capacity was for Lead then Copper and finally Zinc. However, some examined factors were found to have significant impacts upon bioremoval capacity of studied ions, where best biosorption capacity was found at pH 4, at temperature 50ยบ C and contact time of 1 hour.