Cancers (Jan 2023)
Are Thalamic Intrinsic Lesions Operable? No-Man’s Land Revisited by the Analysis of a Large Retrospective, Mono-Institutional, Cohort
Thalamic gliomas represent a heterogeneous subset of deep-seated lesions for which surgical removal is advocated, although clear prognostic factors linked to advantages in performance status or overall survival are still lacking. We reviewed our Institutional Cancer Registry, identifying patients who underwent surgery for thalamic gliomas between 2006 and 2020. Associations between possible prognostic factors such as tumor volume, grade, the extent of resection and performance status (PS), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using univariate and multivariate survival analyses. We found 56 patients: 31 underwent surgery, and 25 underwent biopsy. Compared to biopsy, surgery resulted positively associated with an increase in the OS (hazard ratio, HR, at multivariate analysis 0.30, 95% confidence interval, CI, 0.12–0.75). Considering the extent of resection (EOR), obtaining GTR/STR appeared to offer an OS advantage in high-grade gliomas (HGG) patients submitted to surgical resection if compared to biopsy, although we did not find statistical significance at multivariate analysis (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.17–1.59). Patients with a stable 3-month KPS after surgery demonstrated to have a better prognosis in terms of OS if compared to biopsy (multivariate HR 0.17, 95% CI, 0.05–0.59). Age and histological grades were found to be prognostic factors for this condition (p = 0.04 and p = 0.004, respectively, chi-square test). Considering the entire cohort, p53 positivity (univariate HR 2.21, 95% CI 1.01–4.82) and ATRX positivity (univariate HR 2.69, 95% CI 0.92–7.83) resulted associated with a worse prognosis in terms of OS. In this work, we demonstrated that surgery aimed at tumor resection might offer a stronger survival advantage when a stable 3-month KPS after surgery is achieved.