Rice Science (Nov 2022)

Improvement of Rice Production under Drought Conditions in West Africa: Application of QTLs in Breeding for Drought Resistance

  • Kossi Lorimpo Adjah,
  • Maxwell Darko Asante,
  • Aboubacar Toure,
  • Mawuli Aziadekey,
  • Francis Osei Amoako-Andoh,
  • Michael Frei,
  • Yacouba Diallo,
  • Komi Agboka

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 29, no. 6
pp. 512 – 521


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Rice plays a paramount role in food and nutrition security in many West African countries. Despite the doubling of production during the last decade, rice consumption has grown faster, creating a deficit between the demand and supply. Although the West African sub-region remains the main rice-producing centre on the continent, production is severely hampered by biotic and abiotic stresses. Drought is one of the factors that most severely reduce grain yields of rice. Systems of production need to be established in order to mitigate yield loss as a result of drought. This review discusses the effects of drought on rice production in West Africa and its mitigation with an emphasis on the improvement of tolerance to drought stress. Yield stability can be achieved by developing drought-tolerant varieties through several processes encompassing profiling of known QTLs and identification of new ones, marker-assisted selection, genomic selection, and extensive multi-locational yield trials. We suggest a comprehensive strategy for breeding drought-tolerant rice varieties in West Africa.