Acta Iuris Stetinensis (Jan 2018)

Konstytucyjny nakaz ponoszenia ciężaru podatków – wybrane zagadnienia

  • Rafał Bernat

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 23


Read online

The Polish Constitution stipulates that everyone is obliged to bear the burden associated with the taxes under the enactments. The article’s purpose is to explore the scope and subject of this principle. Referring to the views prevailing in the judicature and the legal literature, the author will try to explain how the term “each” contained in the Rule 84 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, should be understood. In addition, the analysis will include the nature of the taxes which can be assigned to individuals in accordance with the Rule 217 of the basic enactment. In the publication analytical and linguistic-logical method were used. As a de lege lata proposal assumes that the obligation to bear the tax burden is not associated with citizenship and countervailability of a non-resident of another jurisdiction doesn’t exclude outright weight referred to in art. 84. The obligation to regulate the structure elements of the tax in the form of law to the benefit of stability and certainty of tax legislation. With regards to the legislative procedure in view of the importance of tax legislation – do not use a fast – track procedure. The author concluded that there were no grounds for the preaching of de lege ferenda postulates in the needed changes in the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland relating to taxes as enactment is appropriate.