Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology (2021-04-01)

Nitrite and Nitrate Levels in Follicular Fluid From Human Oocyte Donors Are Related to Ovarian Response and Embryo Quality

  • Florentin-Daniel Staicu,
  • Florentin-Daniel Staicu,
  • Analuce Canha-Gouveia,
  • Analuce Canha-Gouveia,
  • Cristina Soriano-Úbeda,
  • Cristina Soriano-Úbeda,
  • Cristina Soriano-Úbeda,
  • Juan Carlos Martínez-Soto,
  • Juan Carlos Martínez-Soto,
  • Evdochia Adoamnei,
  • Evdochia Adoamnei,
  • Jorge E. Chavarro,
  • Jorge E. Chavarro,
  • Jorge E. Chavarro,
  • Carmen Matás,
  • Carmen Matás

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2021.647002
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9

Abstract

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Nitric oxide, a key regulatory molecule in the follicular fluid, has been suggested as a possible biomarker to predict ovarian response in stimulated cycles and the potential of the retrieved oocytes for developing high-quality embryos. Nevertheless, a consensus on whether or not nitric oxide can help in this context has not been reached. We simultaneously measured the oxidation products of nitric oxide, nitrite, and nitrate, via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV in follicular fluid samples from 72 oocyte donors. We found no associations of follicular fluid nitrite, nitrate, total nitric oxide, or nitrate/nitrite ratio with total or metaphase II (MII) oocyte yield. However, nitrite and nitrate levels were related to the yield of MII oocytes when this outcome was expressed as a proportion of all oocytes retrieved. The adjusted MII proportion in the lowest and highest nitrite levels were 68% (58–77%) and 79% (70–85%), respectively (p, linear trend = 0.02), whereas the adjusted MII proportion in extreme tertiles of nitrate levels were 79% (70–85%) and 68% (57–77%) (p, linear trend = 0.03). In addition, nitrate levels showed a suggestive inverse correlation with embryos with maximum or high potential of implantation (p = 0.07). These results suggest that the follicular fluid concentrations of nitrite and nitrate may be a useful tool in predicting how healthy oocyte donors respond to superovulation and the implantation potential of the embryos produced from their oocytes.

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