Assessment of renal function in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction using <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 dynamic scintigraphy

BMC Nephrology. 2012;13(1):168 DOI 10.1186/1471-2369-13-168

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: BMC Nephrology

ISSN: 1471-2369 (Online)

Publisher: BMC

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Specialties of internal medicine: Diseases of the genitourinary system. Urology

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS

Tantawy Mohammed N
Jiang Rosie
Wang Feng
Takahashi Keiko
Peterson Todd E
Zemel Dana
Hao Chuan-Ming
Fujita Hiroki
Harris Raymond C
Quarles Christopher C
Takahashi Takamune

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Open peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 20 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>Abstract</p> <p>Background</p> <p>Renal scintigraphy using <sup>99m</sup>Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (<sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3) is widely used for the assessment of renal function in humans. However, the application of this method to animal models of renal disease is currently limited, especially in rodents. Here, we have applied <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 renal scintigraphy to a mouse model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and evaluated its utility in studying obstructive renal disease.</p> <p>Methods</p> <p>UUO mice were generated by complete ligation of the left ureter. Sham-operated mice were used as a control. Renal function was investigated on days 0, 1, 3, and 6 post-surgery using dynamic planar imaging of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 activity following retro-orbital injection. Time-activity curves (TACs) were produced for individual kidneys and renal function was assessed by 1) the slope of initial <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 uptake (SIU), which is related to renal perfusion; 2) peak activity; and 3) the time-to-peak (TTP). The parameters of tubular excretion were not evaluated in this study as <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 is not excreted from UUO kidneys.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>Compared to sham-operated mice, SIU was remarkably (>60%) reduced in UUO kidneys at day 1 post surgery and the TACs plateaued, indicating that <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 is not excreted in these kidneys. The plateau activity in UUO kidneys was relatively low (~40% of sham kidney’s peak activity) as early as day1 post surgery, demonstrating that uptake of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 is rapidly reduced in UUO kidneys. The time to plateau in UUO kidneys exceeded 200 sec, suggesting that <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 is slowly up-taken in these kidneys. These changes advanced as the disease progressed. SIU, peak activity and TTPs were minimally changed in contra-lateral kidneys during the study period.</p> <p>Conclusions</p> <p>Our data demonstrate that renal uptake of <sup>99m</sup>Tc-MAG3 is remarkably and rapidly reduced in UUO kidneys, while the changes are minimal in contra-lateral kidneys. The parametric analysis of TACs suggested that renal perfusion as well as tubular uptake is reduced in UUO kidneys. This imaging technique should allow non-invasive assessments of UUO renal injury and enable a more rapid interrogation of novel therapeutic agents and protocols.</p>