SEXUAL EDUCATION IN MENTAL RETARDATION ADOLESCENTS IN THE SCHOLAR AND FAMILY CONTEXTS

Ra Ximhai. 2016;12(Special 5):41-58

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Ra Ximhai

ISSN: 1665-0441 (Print)

Publisher: Universidad Autónoma Indígena de México

LCC Subject Category: Social Sciences: Social sciences (General)

Country of publisher: Mexico

Language of fulltext: Spanish; Castilian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Diana Estela Pérez-Chávez
Onelio Cabrera Lorenzo
María Eloísa Díaz Avilés

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 13 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The unique expression that sexuality acquires among persons with special educative needs and the necessity that they can be educated to assume a responsible sexual behavior constitutes object of special attention for both society and family. The educational practice has proven that insufficiencies exits in the education of the adolescent with the mental retardation, to which the investigation was aimed at: determine the main needs of the adolescents in this key aspect. To answer the given needs a pedagogical strategy is designed and implemented, aimed at coordinating the action of the professionals of the Special Education and the family, which was validated en the professional practice through a pre- experiment. The following investigation methods were applied: documental analysis, observation, pools and interviews, inventory of youth problems and methodological triangulation, which allowed defining the main issues. By means of the pedagogical strategy, this is structured in four stages: diagnosis, planning, instrumentalization, and assessment, several educative actions aimed at school teacher, familiars and the adolescents were implemented. Among the most important results are a increased preparation among the scholars and the rest of the specialists for the sexual education of their students, the improvement of the educative activity of the family and a positive change in the knowledge, self- perception, attitudes and behavior of the adolescents.