Perspectives on West Africa Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak, 2013–2016

Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2016;22(6):956-963 DOI 10.3201/eid2206.160021

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Emerging Infectious Diseases

ISSN: 1080-6040 (Print); 1080-6059 (Online)

Publisher: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Infectious and parasitic diseases

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML, print

 

AUTHORS

Jessica R. Spengler
Elizabeth Ervin
Jonathan S. Towner
Pierre E. Rollin
Stuart T. Nichol

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The variety of factors that contributed to the initial undetected spread of Ebola virus disease in West Africa during 2013–2016 and the difficulty controlling the outbreak once the etiology was identified highlight priorities for disease prevention, detection, and response. These factors include occurrence in a region recovering from civil instability and lacking experience with Ebola response; inadequate surveillance, recognition of suspected cases, and Ebola diagnosis; mobile populations and extensive urban transmission; and the community’s insufficient general understanding about the disease. The magnitude of the outbreak was not attributable to a substantial change of the virus. Continued efforts during the outbreak and in preparation for future outbreak response should involve identifying the reservoir, improving in-country detection and response capacity, conducting survivor studies and supporting survivors, engaging in culturally appropriate public education and risk communication, building productive interagency relationships, and continuing support for basic research.