Medical Education Online (2021-01-01)

Towards the optimal use of video recordings to support the flipped classroom in medical school basic sciences education

  • Stephen J. Bordes,
  • Donna Walker,
  • Louis Jonathan Modica,
  • Joanne Buckland,
  • Andrew K. Sobering

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2020.1841406
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 26, no. 1

Abstract

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The use of recorded video in medical education is increasing. Video material may be assigned before scheduled sessions to create a flipped classroom. Here, the instructor may lead a session that is organized for discussion, interpretation, and reflection of the previewed content. We established conditions that lead to increased student participation and engagement with prerecorded content for a medical genetics section in a first-year medical school basic sciences integrated course. Preliminary analysis of an asynchronous video-based pre-professional program directed the design of video material to support a first semester medical genetics course. We compared student participation in, and opinion of, a flipped-classroom session based on written vs. video presentation of material. Student opinion was surveyed with audience response devices (clickers). Shorter videos that were created specifically for the course were preferred by students compared to recordings of previously delivered lectures. Students preferred videos to assigned reading material and consistent scheduling throughout the teaching semester increased student participation. Presentation of medical school content with previously recorded video material can be a useful teaching tool if properly implemented.

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