The Evolution of Christianity in the Caucasus in the IV–XVIII Centuries

Bylye Gody. 2016;41(3):555-564


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Journal Title: Bylye Gody

ISSN: 2073-9745 (Print); 2310-0028 (Online)

Publisher: Sochi State University

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: English, Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF



Aleksandr A. Cherkasov (East European History Society, Russian Federation)

Vladimir G. Ivantsov (Sochi state university, Russian Federation)

Michal Smigel (Matej Bel University, Slovakia)

Violetta S. Molchanova (International Network Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, Russian Federation)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 4 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The article discusses the history of christianity in the Caucasus in the IV–XVIII centuries. The main attention is paid to the complex process of the formation and fate of christianity among the various peoples of the region, the role of Byzantine, Georgian and Russian christian missionaries. Among the sources there are used the pre-revolutionary materials on the history of christianity in the Caucasus, as well as scientific publications. The decision of research tasks is based on the principle of historicism. The problem of the spread of christianity in the Caucasus, while maintaining the pagan beliefs are seen as a consequence of specific socio-historical conditions, in the formation of which the important role was played by external factors, and also the conservative mentality of highlanders. In conclusion, the authors note that every of the caucasian peoples had its story of the spread and adoption of christianity in the Caucasus. On the one hand, the ancient christian Armenia and Georgia, relatively quickly emerging with paganism, on the other, the mountain tribes, who had no public began taking christianity in the reduced forms under the influence of Byzantium, Georgia, Russia with the broad preservation of pagan beliefs. Ultimately, under the influence of the first Crimean khans, and then the Ottoman Empire, these tribes have consistently converted to Islam.