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Muscovy and the Crimea in the Historical Destinies of the Peoples of the North Caucasus in the second half of the XVI century

Bylye Gody. 2016;41(3):565-574


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Journal Title: Bylye Gody

ISSN: 2073-9745 (Print); 2310-0028 (Online)

Publisher: Sochi State University

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Aleksandr A. Kudryavtsev (North Caucasus Federal University, Russian Federation)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 4 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

In the second half of the XVI century Moscow state, defeating Kazan (1552) and Astrakhan (1556) khanate, came to the Caspian sea to the North Caucasus, where he encountered opposition from two very strong opponents: Turkey and the Crimean khanate. The Ottoman Empire, which included Northern Caspian and the Caucasus in the number of its geopolitical interests, sought power and diplomatic means to subdue the mountain and nomadic population, their power and actively opposed their rapprochement with Russia. One of the main performers and conductors of Turkish policy in the region were dependent vassal of Turkey, the Crimean khanate. The peoples of the North Caucasus, first of all Nogai, the Kabardians and the representatives of several other Circassian tribes, seen in Moscow state protection from the expansive aspirations of the Crimea and Turkey and actively supported the Russian fortification construction and anticrime military operations of the Russian North Caucasus. Military and diplomatic successes of the Russian state in the North Caucasus and the Caspian sea in the second half of the XVI century contributed to the development of international Eastern trade along the Volga-Caspian route and the strengthening of the authority of Moscow in the region and in the international arena.