This research was carried out in fourteen ministries and one national staff agency, which was the largest and most comprehensive study of government institutions that examined the importance of the recruitment, selection and organizational culture of employee performance which is still an important issue in developing coun-tries. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of recruitment, selection and organizational culture on the performance of civil servants, especially at the National Personnel Agency and 14 Ministries. This re-search was conducted in the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste (RDTL) with an area of 15,410 KM2. The total population is 1,261,072 people. The study began in September 2018 until February 2019, using quantitative (positivism) methods. The study was conducted using proportional random sampling, so that from each work unit a total of 1000 target populations and 286 samples were obtained using a questionnaire. This re-search used structural equation modeling (SEM) method with partial least square (SEM-PLS) approach. The results of the study found that well-programed recruitment was not able to provide significant results either directly or through organizational culture, but recruitment could have a significant effect on job performance through mediation selection. Moreover, well-programmed recruitment backed by selection quality could improve employee performance.