This article is an interpretation of De perfecta poesi by Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski (1595–1640,Polish Jesuit, Latin poet), based on the contemporary narrative theories. The source of a parallelbetween the 17th century work by Sarbiewski and the 20th century theories on narrative(mainly the structuralist narrative) can be found in Aristotle’s Poetics. De perfecta poesi as wellas works created by French structuralists were based on the logocentrism and thus being connectedwith each other, despite the chronological differences. The similarities are not only general,but also more detailed. However, it does not mean that De perfecta poesi and 20th centurytheories are the same. There are some disparities that do not allow to compare the work by Sarbiewskiand narrative theories too closely.