Indywidualny charakter utworu jako przesłanka ochrony prawnoautorskiej dzieła technicznego

Acta Iuris Stetinensis. 2017;18 DOI 10.18276/ais.2017.18-18

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Acta Iuris Stetinensis

ISSN: 2083-4373 (Print); 2545-3181 (Online)

Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

Society/Institution: Wydział Prawa i Administracji Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

LCC Subject Category: Law | Political science: Political institutions and public administration (General)

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: English, Polish

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Marcin Jan Stępień

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 20 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Technical works serve, by their nature, for realization of practical purposes. Utilitarian nature of technical works has influence on the content and form of the work. Technological limitations, predictability of the expected results or practice of conduct are the factors which tailor the “creative activity of individual nature”. Consequently, we can counter “technical works” with “classical pieces of works”, which meet spiritual needs. The review of the legal writings and court rulings leads to the conclusion that, as a rule, creativity requirement will be met in case of technical works; nevertheless, it might be doubtful to what extent the creative process, stratified by objective factors, might allow to individually shape the technical work. As a result, in most cases the question of copyrightable protection for technical works comes to whether they meet the condition of individual character of work. Statutory condition of individual character of work needs to cover any manifestation of man’s creative activity, including those which belong to widely understood nonfictional field of works (technical or scientific works). Consequently, the specific nature of technical works raises the questions to what extent the individuality condition is met in case of technical works as well as what the meaning of individual nature of the work is from the Polish copyright law perspective.