Development of Agropastoralism in a Nomadic Community Settled along the Niger River in Mali

Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. 2005;58(1-2):103-110 DOI 10.19182/remvt.9933

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux

ISSN: 1951-6711 (Online)

Publisher: CIRAD

Society/Institution: Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement

LCC Subject Category: Agriculture: Animal culture

Country of publisher: France

Language of fulltext: English, French

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

L. Baudoux (Cnearc, 1101 avenue Agropolis, BP 5098, 34033 Montpellier Cedex 1, France)
H. Kamil (VSF, 14 avenue Berthelot, 69361 Lyon Cedex 07, France)
C.H. Moulin (Agro.M, UMR Elevage des ruminants en régions chaudes, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 48 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

In the region of Timbuktu in Mali, the droughts of the 1970- 80’s and the Tuareg rebellion of the 1990’s led nomadic populations to settlement and cultivation. At the beginning of a new project supporting agropastoral organizations, the NGO Vétérinaires Sans Frontières launched several studies to assess these changes. Thus, we studied the evolution of the agricultural system of an Arab community settled along the Niger River. Three farming systems were characterized. The transhumant agropastoralists (20% of the families) are settled on the Niger banks. They grow rice and burgu grass in the flood plains. They rear small ruminant herds that do not however satisfy all family needs. The nomadic pastoralists (74%) still specialize in livestock farming; livestock management is based on herd and family mobility in order to exploit Sahelian rangelands. At last, semi-nomadic agropastoralists (6%) combine a settled way of life during the dry season on the river banks and nomadism during the rainy season, while salaried employees work in their fields. The study of the relationship between livestock farming and cropping, and of resources use can help shape development policies based on crop intensification on the river banks.