Journal of Hainan Medical University (2019-09-01)

Article History Investigation and analysis of the quality of life of centenarians in Chongming area of Shanghai

  • Xiao-Xiao Huang,
  • Zhi-Heng Ma,
  • Hui Song,
  • Guo-Hong Li

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 25, no. 18
pp. 62 – 67

Abstract

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Objective: To investigate the status quo and influencing factors of the quality of life of the elderly aged ≥100 years old in Chongming area of Shanghai, and provide a basis for the construction of a world-class ecological island in Chongming area and promote the cause of healthy aging. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to screen 71 elderly people who were 100 years old and reached the age of 100. The interview was conducted with a faceto- face questionnaire survey. Results: The SF-36 health questionnaire of the centenarians in Chongming area scored and in the physiological functions, physiological functions, physical pain, general health status, energy, social function, emotional function and mental health is (36.35±13.45), (36.62±38.69), (62.56±21.57), (47.04±6.06), (67.23±18.76), (71.83±25.85), (60.09±45.29), (78.70±22.20). The total physical health assessment and mental health assessment scores are (181.577±50.271) and (277.855±81.636). Univariate statistics show that different genders, education levels, marital status, economic sources, urban or rural areas, insurance categories, chronic diseases, number of children, old-age patterns, preferred forms of residence, interval between child care, and whether children are in the same city Factors such as ≥2 in the family, long-term diet, diet, eating habits, drinking habits, tea drinking habits, physical examination, lack of sleep 4h, nap habits and other factors in the different dimensions of the SF-36 scale, the difference is statistically significant (P<0.05); multivariate stepwise regression showed that the relevant influencing factors were pension mode, dietary preference, location (urban/rural), chronic disease, preferred lifestyle, lack of sleep 4 h, education level, marital status (P<0.05). Conclusion: The centenarians in Chongming area have a medium quality of life rating and a high overall mental health assessment. The centenarians in Chongming have a good psychological state. The life behavior pattern of the centenarians is worth learning. It is recommended to implement the family mutual aid public service project to alleviate the problem of loneliness of the elderly. It is recommended to strengthen the chronic disease health management for the elderly,

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