Science and Mathematics as part of practical projects in technology and design: An analysis of challenges in realising the curriculum in Norwegian schools.

Nordina: Nordic Studies in Science Education. 2014;10(1):3-15

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Nordina: Nordic Studies in Science Education

ISSN: 1504-4556 (Print); 1894-1257 (Online)

Publisher: University of Oslo

LCC Subject Category: Education: Special aspects of education

Country of publisher: Norway

Language of fulltext: English, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Berit Bungum (The Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
Bjørn-Tore Esjeholm (Narvik University College)
Dag Atle Lysne (The Norwegian University of Science and Technology)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 18 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>Technology and design is seen by many as having a potential for students to work with science and mathematics in practical contexts. The view is particularly evident in the Norwegian curriculum, where technology and design is defined as an interdisciplinary topic involving Science, Mathematics and Art &amp; Crafts. This paper reports from a video study of the use of mathematics and science in student projects in technology and design. It was found that the projects contained little conceptual knowledge from mathematics and science even when their purpose was to do so. Through an inductive analysis informed by perspectives on technology and technological knowledge, we identify four issues that explain why this is the case: (i) Problem solving by other means, (ii) Focus on product quality, (iii) Not the right type of knowledge, and (iv) Concepts and procedures not necessary for the purpose. These issues are related to the nature of technology rather than to pedagogy, and the results suggest that technology and design as a domain of knowledge should be represented in the curriculum in its own right and not as an arena for learning science and mathematics.</p><p> </p>