BMC Public Health (Sep 2021)

Urinary levels of dimethoate, bisphenol A and benzo[a]pyrene in first-year students of Hohai University from different geographical regions

  • Yu-Juan Xu,
  • Hong-Liang Gao,
  • He Liu,
  • Ning-Wei Zhao,
  • Qi Cheng,
  • Fu-Rong Zhang,
  • Juan Ye,
  • Ai-Qing Wang,
  • Yan-Jun Dou,
  • Bei Ma,
  • Feng Zhu,
  • Xian-Lin Xu,
  • Chao-Jun Li,
  • Jing Wu,
  • Ning Shen,
  • Bin Xue

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 21, no. 1
pp. 1 – 10


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Abstract Background The objective of this study was to detect the urinary levels of dimethoate, benzo(a) pyrene (BaP), and bisphenol A (BPA) in first-year Hohai University students with different geographic origins. Methods First-morning urine samples were collected from 540 healthy freshmen aged 17 to 19 years. Chemical levels were measured using β-glucuronidase hydrolysis followed by a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based method. Geometric means (GMs) of these three chemicals are presented by body mass index (BMI) and location in a volume-based and creatinine-standardized way. Results GM concentrations of omethoate, BPA and 3-OHBaP were 9.47 μg/L (10.80 μg/g creatinine), 3.54 μg/L (4.04 μg/g creatinine) and 0.34 ng/L (0.39 ng/g creatinine), respectively. The GM concentration of omethoate in males was significantly higher than that in females. The individuals with a BMI higher than 23.9 had higher GM concentrations of omethoate, BPA, and 3-OHBaP. The inhabitants of Southwest China had significantly lower GM concentrations of omethoate, BPA, and 3-OHBaP than those who lived in other locations in China. Conclusion The average level of environmental chemical accumulation in freshmen is lower in Southwest China and differs in youth who live in different regions. In addition, obesity is correlated with higher toxin levels in youth.