The article discusses the concept of «mathematical literacy», which is important from positions of the PISA international studies requirements. There are three types of activity (formulation of the situation mathematically, application of mathematics, interpretation of the result), the possession of which is checked in the PISA study. The article presents the subject results formulated in the FSES of BGE, on the study of which the subject area «Mathematics» is aimed, reflecting the need for the formation of selected components of mathematical literacy in students. The article presents the results of the analysis of tasks presented in the most common textbooks on algebra and geometry of the main school. The purpose of the analysis was to identify the presence of practice-oriented tasks in textbooks that meet the requirements of the FSES of BGE and the requirements of diagnostic tools used in international PISA studies. During the study the following methods were used: comparison, analysis, theoretical. The study was based on the most frequently used in school practice textbooks of the following authors: L.S. Atanasyan, V.F. Butuzov, S.B. Kadomtsev, E.G. Poznyak, I.I. Yudina, L.S. Atanasyan, V.F. Butuzov, etc. Result: the article presents the results of the analysis of the problem material presented in the most common textbooks on algebra and geometry of the general school. On the basis of the analysis of three author's lines on the study of geometry in the general school, common problems are identified. An example of a practical problem, confirming the conclusions, formulated during the analysis is given. The authorcomes to the conclusion that there is still lack of practice-oriented tasks in modern textbooks on algebra, helping to motivate students to conscious assimilation of mathematical facts and statements, providing the formation of the ability to model on the basis of a real, life situation.