Cancer Management and Research (Sep 2021)

Role of Cytokines Released During Pyroptosis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

  • Huang Y,
  • Zhang G,
  • Zhu Q,
  • Wu X,
  • Wu L

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 7399 – 7409


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Yuanli Huang,1,2 Guanghui Zhang,1,2 Qing Zhu,1 Xia Wu,3 Ligao Wu1 1Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu City, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Graduate School of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu City, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pathology, Fuyang Tumor Hospital, Fuyang City, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Ligao Wu Tel +86 15395225588Email [email protected]: Pyroptosis is a recently discovered highly inflammatory form of programmed cell death, during which the N-terminus of the cleaved Gasdermin protein family forms pores in the cell membrane, leading to cell disintegration and the release of certain intracellular factors, including caspase3, gasdermin E (GSDME), and high mobility group proteins (HMGB1), which trigger a series of secondary inflammatory reactions. Specifically, caspase3 can lyse GSDME and induce pyrolysis, while HMGB1 is released passively after cell membrane destruction. In this study, the roles of these proteins in lung cancer tissues as well as their clinical significance were investigated.Patients and Methods: The expression levels of GSDME, caspase3, and HMGB1 proteins in lung cancer and paracancerous tissues were determined via immunohistochemical staining, and their relationship with the clinical stage, pathological grade, and survival prognosis of the patients was analyzed. Further, CD8+ T cell accumulation in the above-mentioned tissues was also determined, and differences between them with respect to CD8+T cell distribution were also investigated. Furthermore, the relationships between CD8+ T cell abundance and the expression levels of the above-mentioned proteins were determined via statistical analyses.Results: Lung cancer and paracancerous tissues showed significantly different GSDME, caspase3, and HMGB1 protein expression levels. GSDME expression level and the presence or absence of lymph node invasion were identified as prognostic indicators of survival in patients with lung cancer. Surprisingly, however, HMGB1, which showed a certain level of correlation with the presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, could not be used as a prognostic indicator of survival.Conclusion: GSDME may be an important prognostic indicator of survival in patients with lung cancer. However, the effects of HMGB1 expression level and CD8+ T cell abundance on the prognosis of patients with lung cancer still need further investigation.Keywords: cell pyroptosis, caspase3, GSDME, HMGB1, lung cancer, CD8+T