Aim. The paper analyses the existing approaches in national systems of geographical education to the development of global understanding in different countries around the world Methodology. Use is made of the collected domestic and foreign sources of containing information about the main directions of development of global understanding in national systems of geographical education. The study uses descriptive, historical and bibliometric methods. Results. The concept of ‘global understanding’ is defined and its main elements and major trends in the development of geographical education in the countries of the world, focused on the formation of global thinking of future generations, are described. Research implications. The paper presents the synthesis of analytical materials that characterize the formation of global understanding as the most important direction for the development of geographical education in the world, which makes it possible to show the prospects for improving the content and methods of domestic school geography.