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Streptococcus salivarius meningitis after dental care: case report

Microbiologia Medica. 2012;27(4) DOI 10.4081/mm.2012.2295

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Microbiologia Medica

ISSN: 2280-6423 (Online)

Publisher: PAGEPress Publications

Society/Institution: Associazione Microbiologi Clinici Italiani, AMCLI

LCC Subject Category: Science: Microbiology

Country of publisher: Italy

Language of fulltext: Italian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF, XML

 

AUTHORS


Maira Zoppelletto

Dario Cesco

Dina Bonini

Alessandra Dinale

Maria Frizzo

Gilberto Lorenzin

Elide Marcon

Alessandra Vigolo

Francesco Malfa

Giorgio Da Rin

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 10 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Introduction. Streptococcus salivarius is a common commensal of the oral mucosa, associated with infections in different sites. Meningitis due to this species are described in a few occasions . In this study refer to a case recently diagnosed in our hospital for treatment of a subsequent dental caries. Case report. A man of 35 years, presents to the emergency room with fever, headache, confusion, marked nuchal rigor.Anamnesis is the treatment of dental caries on the previous day.The blood count showed 24.7x109 / L with WBC 22.9x109 / L (92.9%) neutrophils. The lumbar puncture CSF noted cloudy with 15.0 x 109 / L WBC, glicorrachia 5 g / L, protidorrachia 6.5 g / L. Microscopic examination showed numerous granulocytes and prevalence of Gram-positive cocci.The pneumococcal antigen was negative.The blood cultures before starting antibiotic therapy, were negative. CSF was isolated from the culture of a Streptococcus salivarius. To antibiotic therapy started in the ED, after lumbar puncture is associated with the Ampicillin Ceftriaxone and continued for 15 days to improve the patient’s general condition, then resigned in the 17 th day. Materials and methods. From CSF inoculated in blood agar plates and chocolate agar alpha hemolytic colonies were isolated, catalysis negative, optochin resistant. The biochemical identification performed with Phoenix (BD) and confirmed by PCR Pan bacterial (16S rDNA) bacterial strain identified as Streptococcus salivarius.The antibiogram performed with Phoenix (BD) according to the CLSI guidelines indicated sensitivity to penicillin, vancomycin, cefotaxime, cefepime, and chloramphenicol. Conclusions. Meningitis by Streptococcus salivarius was found in a few cases, mainly related to the transmission of health personnel from the oral cavity during lumbar punctures performed without the use of surgical masks. The following bacterial meningitis in dental treatment having a low incidence and often fatal course be suspected by history.The patient should be further investigated because the infection may indicate a compromised immune unknown (Diabetes, HIV...).