PLoS ONE (Jan 2021)
Caesarian section (CS) delivery in Bangladesh: A nationally representative cross-sectional study.
A growing trend in the caesarian section (CS) for delivery is a threat to child health as well as maternal health. This study was conducted to identify the potential socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with CS delivery in Bangladesh. Data obtained from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014 has been used for this study. The prevalence of CS delivery among Bangladeshi mothers was 24% (Urban: 36.9%, Rural: 17.9%). A two-level logistic regression showed that mothers having delivery in the private sector or private hospital (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 38.70, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 29.58 to 50.62), mother's age 25-35 years (AOR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.26 to 2.37), wealth index average (AOR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.27) and rich (AOR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.29 to 2.51), antenatal visit 1-2 (AOR = 2.31, 95% CI = 1.47 to 3.64) and ≥ 3 (AOR = 3.68, 95% CI = 2.35 to 5.76), overweight mothers (AOR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.09 to 1.90), multiple births (AOR = 3.87, 95% CI = 1.15 to 12.58), husband's occupation professional/technical/managerial (AOR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.47) were significantly more prone to CS delivery. Also, place of residence, number of family members, birth order, child's size during birth, and divisions of Bangladesh, were potentially associated with CS delivery. The current epidemiological findings and evidence suggest adopting and implementing some urgent clinical practices and strict guidelines in the healthcare system to avoid unnecessary CS delivery in Bangladesh.