From the Land of Homeowners to the Land of the Over-Indebted: Reciprocity, Solidarity and Projects of Systemic Transformation in Times of Crisis (Del país de los propietarios al país de los sobreendeudados: reciprocidad, solidaridad y proyectos ...)

Ars & Humanitas. 2014;8(1):167-187 DOI 10.4312/ars.8.1.167-187

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Ars & Humanitas

ISSN: 1854-9632 (Print); 2350-4218 (Online)

Publisher: Znanstvena založba FIlozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (Ljubljana University Press, Faculy of Arts)

LCC Subject Category: General Works: History of scholarship and learning. The humanities | Language and Literature: Literature (General)

Country of publisher: Slovenia

Language of fulltext: German, Slovenian, French, English, Italian, Spanish; Castilian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Irene Sabaté

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

During the recent housing bubble inSpain, becoming a home owner seemed to be the wisest strategy in order to access housing, and there was considerable social consensus about mortgage indebtedness as a necessary condition in order to attain this goal. However, the obligation to repay loans (Graeber, 2011) has been unavoidably transgressed on a mass scale due to the financial and real-estate crisis. The wave of home repossessions comes together with the perception of the breaking of moral principles, such as the fair compensation for effort and sacrifice, the prioritisation of basic needs over financial obligations, the availability for a second chance for the over-indebted, or the State's responsibility in guaranteeing a livelihood for its citizens. Under these circumstances, those affected activate or reinforce strategies for the circulation of resources, based both on reciprocity and market logics. Parallel to this, the current social unrest has led to the emergence of a social movement, the Plataforma de Afectados porla Hipoteca(PAH), which is articulating collective action aiming at non-market circulation, for example, by promoting mutual support or the dissemination of technical knowledge, and lobbying for legislative changes. Drawing on these observations, we will consider whether the strategies implemented by mortgage debtors have the potential, on the one hand, to secure domestic reproduction, and, on the other hand, to transform the very structures of financial capitalism that are endangering such reproduction. It will be stated that the transforming potential of strategies coping with mortgage indebtedness is based on the questioning of the obligation to repay, a questioning that emerges in turn from the resignification of over-indebtedness as an illegitimate condition.