Ports et commerce maritime dans l’Arabie du Sud préislamique

Arabian Humanities. 2008;:65-90 DOI 10.4000/cy.1671

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Arabian Humanities

ISSN: 2308-6122 (Online)

Publisher: Centre Français d’Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales de Sanaa

LCC Subject Category: Social Sciences

Country of publisher: Yemen

Language of fulltext: French, English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML

 

AUTHORS

Jérémie Schiettecatte

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 48 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

By the dawn of the Christian era, Southern Arabia is undergoing major changes; among these, the expansion of maritime trade at the expense of the old caravan route.  This change is often described as something sudden, leading to a more perennial situation the ensuing centuries.We have chosen to take a new look at this case by first gathering all the epigraphic and historic data having to do with pre-Islamic ports in the Red Sea and the Aden Gulf, from when they were first founded 'till the 7th century.  This global outline then has then allowed us to describe the evolution of the maritime economy all along the first centuries of the Christian era, the nature of the trading places and the part political power plays in overseeing this new economy.This leads us to conclude that maritime didn't develop quite as quickly as was thought: the setting up of networks and main ports took place over several centuries.  This trade was only ever the economic locomotive for Southern Arabic kingdoms for a limited amount of time, from the mid-1st century to the early 3rd century.  After which, ports went through a rough patch, as a result of the political and economic evolutions of Southern Arabic kingdoms, their neighboring countries and the Mediterranean sea.