Nature Environment and Pollution Technology (Mar 2023)

Utilization of Enterobacter cloacae WW1 Biomass for Biosorption of Lead(II) from Aqueous Solution

  • S. Thongkrua and A. Kasuya

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 22, no. 1
pp. 261 – 268


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The present study evaluated lead biosorption by Enterobacter cloacae WW1 isolated from tannery wastewaters under different initial Pb2+ concentrations, biomass concentrations, and contact times. The results showed that at an initial Pb2+ concentration of 80 mg.L-1, the optimal conditions for living cells were a biomass concentration of 7 g.L-1 and a contact time of 120 min. For non-living cells, biomass was a biomass concentration of 4 g.L-1 and contact time of 45 min, which provided removal efficiencies of 92.03 ± 0.10% and 99.51 ± 0.01%, respectively. The maximum biosorption capacity obtained for non-living cells using an initial Pb2+ concentration of 640 mg.L-1 was 76.65 ± 0.05 mg.g-1. The equilibrium data followed the Langmuir and Freundlich models for living cells, and the data for non-living cell biosorbents fit the Langmuir model. The biosorption kinetics for living and non-living cells fit well with a pseudo-second-order kinetic equation. SEM-EDX analysis clearly showed the morphology and presence of Pb2+ particles on non-living cell surfaces after biosorption. In addition, the results revealed that functional groups such as hydroxyl, amino, carboxyl, amide, and phosphate groups on the bacterial cell surface detected by FTIR were associated with the binding of Pb2+ ions. The results indicated that E. cloacae WW1, a lead-resistant bacterium, can be used as an alternative biosorbent for lead removal from wastewater.