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Molecular Antenna-Sensitized Upconversion Nanoparticle for Temperature Monitored Precision Photothermal Therapy

International Journal of Nanomedicine. 2020;Volume 15:1409-1420

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: International Journal of Nanomedicine

ISSN: 1176-9114 (Print); 1178-2013 (Online)

Publisher: Dove Medical Press

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Medicine (General)

Country of publisher: United Kingdom

Language of fulltext: English

 

AUTHORS


Wei Y

Liu S

Pan C

Yang Z

Liu Y

Yong J

Quan L

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

 

Abstract | Full Text

Yanchun Wei, Sen Liu, Changjiang Pan, Zhongmei Yang, Ying Liu, Jianfang Yong, Li Quan Jiangsu Provincial Engineering Research Center for Biomedical Materials and Advanced Medical Devices, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai’an, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of ChinaCorrespondence: Yanchun Wei; Li QuanJiangsu Provincial Engineering Research Center for Biomedical Materials and Advanced Medical Devices, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai’an, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-137 1691 3791Email [email protected]; [email protected]: Photothermal therapy with accurate and real-time temperature detection is desired in clinic. Upconversion nanocrystals (UCNs) are candidate materials for simultaneous temperature detection and photothermal agents carrying. However, the weak luminescence and multiple laser excitations of UCNs limit their application in thermal therapy.Materials and Methods: NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+,Nd3+, PL-PEG-NH2, IR-806 and folic acid are selected as structural components. A nanoprobe (NP) integrated with efficient photothermal conversion and sensitive temperature detection capabilities is synthesized for precise photothermal therapy. The probes are based on near-infrared upconversion nanocrystals doped with Yb, Er and Nd ions, which can be excited by 808 nm light. IR-806 dye molecules are modified on the surface as molecular antennas to strongly absorb near-infrared photons for energy transfer and conversion.Results: The results show that under an 808 nm laser irradiation upconversion luminescence of the nanocrystals is enhanced based on both the Nd ion absorption and the FRET energy transfer of IR-806. The luminescence ratio at 520 and 545 nm is calculated to accurately monitor the temperature of the nanoparticles. The temperature of the nanoprobes increases significantly through energy conversion of the molecular antennas. The nanoparticles are found successfully distributed to tumor cells and tumor tissue due to the modification of the biocompatible molecules on the surface. Tumor cells can be killed efficiently based on the photothermal effect of the NPs. Under the laser irradiation, temperature at mouse tumor site increases significantly, tissue necrosis and tumor cell death can be observed.Conclusion: Precision photothermal therapy can thus be achieved by highly efficient near-infrared light absorption and accurate temperature monitoring, making it promising for tumor treatment, as well as the biological microzone temperature detection.Keywords: temperature, photothermal therapy, molecule antennas, upconversion nanoparticle