Journal of Maps (2020-12-01)

Landforms of the lower Hushe Valley (Central Karakoram, Pakistan)

  • Ane Zabaleta,
  • Irantzu Alvarez,
  • Arantza Aranburu,
  • Eñaut Izagirre,
  • Jesus A. Uriarte,
  • Tomás Morales,
  • Iñaki Antiguedad

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 16, no. 2
pp. 724 – 735


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This paper presents a new geomorphological map for the lower Hushe Valley (below 3400 m asl), located to the SE of the Central Karakoram in Baltistan (North Pakistan). Fieldwork and remote sensing were combined to improve understanding of the most recent surface landforms to produce a 1:50,000 scale map. Thirteen landform types associated with glacial, fluvial, gravitational and mass wasting processes were identified and mapped. Particular emphasis was made on currently dynamic processes that could pose a threat to the population. The distribution of the landforms on the valley (reworked tills, alluvial fans, rockfalls, among others) differs between the eastern and the western hillslopes, and from north to south, mainly due to bedrock types, location of geological structures and distribution of lateral tributaries. This map is the first and necessary step towards a deep assessment on geological risk related to external processes in the area.