Applied Sciences (May 2022)

Microstructural Analysis and Mechanical Characterization of Shape Memory Alloy Ni-Ti-Ag Synthesized by Casting Route

  • Khansaa Dawood Salman,
  • Wisam Abed Kattea Al-Maliki,
  • Falah Alobaid,
  • Bernd Epple

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 9
p. 4639


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The purpose of the current research is to study the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ni-Ti-Ag shape memory alloys prepared by the casting route. Ag (grain size at 1 mm) was incorporated into Ni-Ti alloys at varying percentages of weight (0, 1.5, 3 and 4.5 wt.% Ag) to produce shape memory alloys using a Vacuum Arc Re-melting (VAR) furnace. Microstructural analysis was defined by FESEM microscopy and XRD examinations, while the transformation temperatures of the Ni-Ti-Ag shape memory alloy were determined by DSC examination. On the other hand, determination of mechanical properties was carried out using micro-hardness and compressive tests. The results of this work show that Ag was dispersed homogeneously into the Ni-Ti alloy. Moreover, two primary phases (austenite phase and martensite phase) emerged with few impurities. The results of the XRD examination show that the number of Ag peaks increased with the increase in weight percentage of Ag. The transformation temperature of the austenitic phase was defined as −1.6 °C by DSC. The mechanical characterizations increased with the increase in weight percentages of Ag (1.5, 3 and 4.5 wt.%), and significantly affected the mechanical properties of the Ni-Ti alloy. An improvement in compressive strength (42.478%) was found for the alloy with 3 wt.% Ag, while the micro-hardness results show a slight decrease in micro-hardness (8.858%) for the alloy with 4.5 wt.% Ag.