Towards a Greater Professional Standing: Evolution of Pharmacy Practice and Education, 1920–2020

Pharmacy. 2019;7(3):98 DOI 10.3390/pharmacy7030098


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Pharmacy

ISSN: 2226-4787 (Print)

Publisher: MDPI AG

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Pharmacy and materia medica

Country of publisher: Switzerland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML



Benjamin Y. Urick (Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA)

Emily V. Meggs (Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA)


Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 11 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The history of community pharmacy in America since the 1920s is one of slow progress towards greater professional standing through changes in pharmacy education and practice. The history of American community pharmacy in the modern era can be divided into four periods: 1920−1949 (Soda Fountain Era), 1950−1979 (Lick, Stick, Pour and More Era), 1980−2009 (Pharmaceutical Care Era), and 2010−present (Post-Pharmaceutical Care Era). As traditional compounding has waned, leaders within community pharmacy have sought to shift focus from product to patient. Increasing degree requirements and postgraduate training have enhanced pharmacists’ ability to provide patient care services not directly associated with medication dispensing. However, the realities of practice have often fallen short of ideal visions of patient-focused community pharmacy practice. Positive trends in the recognition of the impact of community pharmacists on healthcare value and the need for more optimal medication management suggest that opportunities for community pharmacists to provide patient care may expand through the 21st century.