Scientific Reports (Jan 2023)
The prevalence, presentation and outcome of colistin susceptible-only Acinetobacter Baumannii-associated pneumonia in intensive care unit: a multicenter observational study
Abstract Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) are both associated with significant morbidity and mortality in daily clinical practice, as well as in a critical care setting. It is unclear whether colistin susceptible-only Acinetobacter baumannii (CSO AB) is a unique phenotype separate from or a subset of CRAB-associated pneumonia. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of CSO AB pneumonia and compare the presentation and outcome between CSO AB and CRAB-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients. This multicenter retrospective cohort study initially recruited 955 patients with CR-GNB pneumonia. After exclusion, 575 patients left who were ICU-admitted and had CRAB nosocomial pneumonia remained. Among them, 79 patients had CSO AB pneumonia, classified as the CSO AB group. The other 496 patients were classified as the CRAB group. We compared demographic characteristics, disease severity, and treatment outcomes between the two groups. The prevalence of CSO AB among all cases of CRAB pneumonia was 13.74% (79/575). The CSO AB and CRAB groups had similar demographic characteristics and disease severities at initial presentation. The in-hospital mortality rate was 45.6% and 46.4% for CSO AB and CRAB groups, respectively (p = 0.991). The CSO AB group had significantly better clinical outcomes at day 7 (65.8% vs 52.4%, p = 0.036) but longer length of ICU stay (27 days vs 19 days, p = 0.043) compared to the CRAB group. However, other treatment outcomes, including clinical outcomes at day 14 and 28, mortality, microbiological eradication, ventilator weaning, and newly onset dialysis, were similar. In conclusion, CSO AB accounted for 13.74% of all cases of CRAB pneumonia, and the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of CSO AB and CRAB pneumonia were similar.