Cow Milk Production in the Delta of the Senegal River: Real Farming Diversification within an Irrigated System?
Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. 2001;54(1):47-54 DOI 10.19182/remvt.9805
Journal Title: Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux
ISSN: 1951-6711 (Online)
Society/Institution: Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement
LCC Subject Category: Agriculture: Animal culture
Country of publisher: France
Language of fulltext: French, English
Full-text formats available: PDF
C. Corniaux (Psi-Sénégal/Cirad-emvt, BP 240, Saint-Louis, Sénégal Tél. : +221 961 17 51 ; fax : +221 961 34 62)
J. Le Mercier (Psi-Sénégal, BP 240, Saint-Louis, Sénégal)
A. T. Dia (Cnerv, BP 167, Nouakchott, Mauritanie)
Abstract | Full Text
Development of irrigated farming on a large scale dramatically changed the environment of the Senegal River delta. Regardless of the changes, milk production increased on the right bank (Mauritania) and remained stable on the left bank (Senegal). Studies were carried out from July 1997 to June 1999 to better assess interactions between animal husbandry and irrigated fields. Results are presented on the use of forage resources and on some technical/economical parameters. Milk production at the farm level appeared as a truly profitable activity of diversification for the relatively large population of cattle breeders/rice farmers. On the right bank, it appeared rather as a specialized field. Its future is promising as the area is on its way to becoming a milk production basin that will supply the capital cities of Nouakchott and Dakar. The central role of milk collection is highlighted.