Research and Reports in Urology (Dec 2021)

Significance of PSA Screening in Niigata, Japan: Survey of Actual Status of New Cases of Prostate Cancer

  • Saito T,
  • Komatsubara S,
  • Hara N,
  • Nishiyama T,
  • Katagiri A,
  • Ishizaki F,
  • Hatano A,
  • Komeyama T,
  • Hanyu S,
  • Terunuma M,
  • Imai T,
  • Go H,
  • Iida H,
  • Kurumada S,
  • Yamaguchi S,
  • Takeda K,
  • Ando T,
  • Hoshii T,
  • Kasahara T,
  • Tomita Y

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 859 – 866


Read online

Toshihiro Saito,1 Shuichi Komatsubara,2 Noboru Hara,3 Tsutomu Nishiyama,3 Akiyoshi Katagiri,4 Fumio Ishizaki,5 Akihiko Hatano,6 Takeshi Komeyama,7 Shugo Hanyu,8 Masahiro Terunuma,9 Tomoyuki Imai,10 Hideto Go,11 Hiroaki Iida,12 Shigenori Kurumada,13 Shunsuke Yamaguchi,4,14 Keisuke Takeda,5,15 Takashi Ando,14,15 Tatsuhiko Hoshii,5 Takashi Kasahara,5 Yoshihiko Tomita5 1Department of Urology, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, Niigata, Japan; 2Department of Urology, Niigata Minami Hospital, Niigata, Japan; 3Department of Urology, Uonuma Institute of Community Medicine, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Minamiuonuma, Japan; 4Department of Urology, Niigata Prefectural Central Hospital, Joetsu, Japan; 5Department of Renal and Urinary Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan; 6Department of Urology, Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital, Shibata, Japan; 7Department of Urology, Nagaoka Red Cross Hospital, Nagaoka, Japan; 8Department of Urology, Kashiwazaki General Hospital and Medical Center, Kashiwazaki, Japan; 9Department of Urology, Nagaoka Chuo General Hospital, Nagaoka, Japan; 10Department of Urology, Niigata City General Hospital, Niigata, Japan; 11Department of Urology, Niigata Saiseikai Sanjo Hospital, Sanjo, Japan; 12Department of Urology, Joetsu General Hospital, Joetsu, Japan; 13Department of Urology, Saiseikai Niigata Hospital, Niigata, Japan; 14Department of Urology, Tachikawa General Hospital, Nagaoka, Japan; 15Department of Urology, Murakami General Hospital, Murakami, JapanCorrespondence: Toshihiro SaitoDepartment of Urology, Niigata Cancer Center Hospital, 2-15-3 Kawagishi-cho, Niigata, 951-8566, JapanTel +81-25-266-5111Fax +81-25-233-3849Email [email protected]: This study aims to investigate the utility of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening by conducting an all-case survey of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients at Niigata Prefecture, Japan.Patients and Methods: Depending on whether patients were subjected to screening, information was prospectively collected on all prostate cancer patients newly diagnosed between October 1, 2019, and September 30, 2020, at all institutions in Niigata Prefecture where urologists performing prostate biopsy routinely work and differences in clinical parameters were investigated.Results: PSA was measured in 478 out of 1332 patients (35.8%) as part of a community health screening. The rate of metastatic carcinoma (M1) in all patients was 14.9%. When patients were divided into three categories of population-based screening (community health screening and workplace health screening), opportunistic screening (PSA measurements at complete medical check-ups or on patient request), and testing triggered by clinical symptoms or findings, the proportion of metastatic cancer was 4.5%, 3.7%, and 30.6%, respectively, demonstrating that the number of distant metastases was significantly lesser in all patients who underwent screening.Conclusion: The one-year all-case survey of newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients demonstrated that PSA screening significantly contributed to the early diagnosis of current prostate cancer in Japan.Keywords: prostate cancer, PSA screening, population-based screening, opportunistic screening, one-year all-case survey